The new data released by the National bureau of statistics has revealed the performance of states with regards to how much Internally generated revenue was collected by the states for the period of 2016.
It is a common knowledge to everyone that Nigeria has been facing some challenges ranging from economic recessions and reduced revenue from its crude oil exports. These challenges listed above has compelled many states to improve upon their internally generated revenue drive.
In conclusion states that continue to improve upon their revenue collections (IGRs) profile will ultimately find it less difficult to meet up
with it’s obligations.
If Mr. XYZ who lives in Nigeria had negotiated a forward contract for the supply of diesel to his household for November 2016 around November 2015 period.
Is it safe to say that Mr. XYZ would have successfully hedge against the price risk relating to diesel???? .Well the answer is Mr. XYZ would have registered significant savings depending on his given location within the country.It is no secret that the purchase price of diesel in Nigeria has changed across various locations (i.e. States) there is exist some sort of price disparity.
The chart above tell us that the price of Diesel in Nigeria moved significantly across some states of the federal republic of Nigeria over a 3 month period.
From the table above we also carried out year over year analysis of the price of diesel paid by Nigerian households and business, Along with the various price differentials .
The location with the highest price differentials is Zamfara state within the north west geopolitical region of Nigeria with about N56.46k higher than Nov 2015 price of diesel.
From the chart above we can clearly observe that year over year purchase price of diesel by households in Nigerians at various geopolitical zones shows a significant movement in the price of diesel from Nov 2015 to Nov 2016.
In conclusion it safe to say that households in Nigeria are mostly like going to have to deal with more price fluctuations of diesel . Households and business may have to take more proactive measures towards preparing themselves for the challenges ahead.
Well it is no longer news that the price of petrol in Nigerian has change from N86.5k to N145. Today we examine from the data if government policy actually corrected some of price anomalies that characterized the petrol scarcity crisis which rocked the country early this year.
Data clearly shows how some states have benefited from the new price adjustments (paid less compared to the previous periods during petrol scarcity ) some examples include states like Ekiti which once paid N202.78k as at April 2016 but after government`s new price policy implementation, average purchase price of petrol by households as at May 2016 stood at N156.39k representing a 22.87% fall in price.
Anambra which once paid N193.85k as at April 2016 after government`s new policy implementation,average purchase price of petrol by households as at May 2016 stood at N147.08k representing a 24.13% fall in price.
However the same cannot be said for all states within the federation , as some states which enjoyed preferential treatment with regards to the old price and supply regulation policies ,now pay more following the new policy by government.
For instance Lagos which once paid an average price of N92.59k as at April 2016 after government`s new policy implementation,average purchase price of petrol by households as at May 2016 stood at N144.75k representing a 56.33% rise in price.
The Federal Capital Territory which once paid an average price of N107 as at April 2016 after government`s new policy implementation,
average purchase price of petrol by households as at May 2016 stood at N145 representing a 35.51% rise in price.
We await June 2016 data release by Nbs for further interpretation .
Over the years price of petrol as been regulated by various successive governments in Nigeria. In 2012 the Federal government announced the complete removal of petrol subsidy (Petrol was priced at N141 naira per liter ) which lead to a nationwide protests after which the government agreed to a partial removal of subsidy (Petrol was priced at N97 naira per liter ).
In Jan 2015 government announced a price decrease in the regulated price of petrol (Petrol was priced at N87 naira per liter ). In January 2016 government also announced another price decrease (Petrol was Priced at N86.50 naira per liter )
Today the country is currently experiencing fuel supply challenges , government has announced a new price hike on 11th may 2016 signaling the removal of petrol subsidy (Petrol now priced at N145 naira per liter ).
Will this new policy finally ease supply challenges and stimulate more investment into the petroleum sector??????
If you are living in Nigeria then you must be familiar with the petrol crisis that occurred some weeks ago where many Nigerians had great difficulty in buying petrol for their cars and generators . Many experts offer diverse opinions with regards to the cause and solutions to the petrol crisis.
Presently the government officially pegged the price of petrol at N86.50 per liter, some have argued that its not just possible to have a uniform price of petrol across the entire country owing to many differentiated variable cost due to diverse distribution challenges of conveying products from source to various locations.
Presently Nigeria has about 3 petroleum refineries which are not yet operating at optimal capacity hence the government has to import petrol from overseas to meet up with the shortfall.
From the chart above Lagos state has one of the lowest average purchase price of petrol paid by households, one very important factor responsible for this situation is the presence of a sea port in Lagos through which importation of petrol is facilitated . Also note Lagos does not have any petroleum refinery .
From the charts above there exist price disparity among various geopolitical zones in the country.South west with the lowest average purchase price of petrol paid by households and south east has the highest purchase price paid by households.
In conclusion it very much safe to say that the price of petrol in Nigeria is not at par across the entire states , because some states have certain comparative advantages (closeness to source ) and challenges (high distribution cost).