Price Movements of Petrol In Nigeria From 1994 – 2016


Over the years  price of petrol  as been regulated by various successive governments in Nigeria. In 2012 the Federal government announced the complete removal of petrol subsidy (Petrol was priced at N141 naira per liter )  which lead to a nationwide protests after which the government agreed to a partial removal of subsidy (Petrol was priced at N97 naira  per liter ).

In Jan 2015 government announced a price decrease in the regulated price of petrol (Petrol was priced at N87  naira  per liter ). In January 2016  government also announced another  price decrease  (Petrol was Priced at N86.50  naira  per liter )

Today the  country is currently  experiencing fuel supply challenges , government has announced a new price hike on 11th may 2016  signaling the removal of petrol subsidy (Petrol now priced  at N145 naira  per liter ).

Will this new policy finally ease supply challenges and stimulate more investment into the petroleum sector??????


Is The Price Of Petrol At Par Across States Within Nigeria ???


If you are living in Nigeria then you must be familiar with the petrol crisis   that occurred some weeks ago where many Nigerians had great difficulty in buying petrol for their cars and generators . Many experts offer diverse opinions with regards to the cause and solutions to the petrol crisis.

Presently the government officially pegged the price of  petrol at N86.50 per liter, some have argued that its not just possible to have a uniform price of petrol across the entire country owing to many differentiated variable cost due to diverse distribution challenges of conveying products from source  to various locations.



Presently Nigeria has about 3  petroleum refineries which are not yet operating at optimal capacity hence the government has to import petrol from overseas to meet up with the shortfall.


From the chart above Lagos state has one of the lowest average purchase price of petrol paid by households, one very important factor responsible for this situation is the presence of a sea port in Lagos  through which importation  of petrol is facilitated . Also note Lagos does not have any petroleum refinery .






From the charts above there exist price disparity among various geopolitical zones in the country.South west with the  lowest average purchase price of petrol paid by households and  south east has the highest purchase price paid by households.

In conclusion it very much safe to say that the price of petrol in Nigeria is not at par across the entire  states , because some states have certain comparative advantages (closeness to source ) and challenges (high distribution cost).